There is a slight decrease in the number of candidates who obtained a Merit through to Grade C in the 2011 Junior Certificate Examinations (JCE).
An outstanding feature of the report is that the results are exceptionally good for a year of the worst disturbances in the history of public education in Botswana.
Others are an exponential improvement in Mathematics and Science, the two subjects that are traditionally failed in much of the world, particularly in Africa and more especially in Botswana.
According to an abridged report of the Botswana Examinations Council (BEC), while 29,400 candidates obtained a Merit to Grade C in 2010, a total of 29,385 candidates did so in 2011, marking a decrease of 15 candidates.The results were released just before Christmas on December 23 and are available at schools and on the Internet.
However, the report says the proportion of candidates awarded a Merit to Grade C is the same as that of 2010, making the overall performance for 2011 the same as that of 2010.
"The number of candidates who obtained Merit in 2011 is 67 compared to 44 last year," the report says. "Out of the 67 Merits, nine are from private centres."
At 5.2 percent, Mathematics has the highest proportion of candidates awarded Grade A, followed by Integrated Science with 4.5 percent. Moreover, less than 30 percent of candidates obtained Grade C or better in all subjects. The report also shows that less than 30 percent of candidates obtained Grade C or better in practical subjects.
Once again, girls have outperformed boys. The proportion of girls awarded Grade A to C is 79.6 percent in 2011, compared to 79.7 percent in 2010. For boys, the figures are 69.5 percent in 2011, compared to 71 percent in 2010. Infact, girls performed better than boys in all subjects except Integrated Science. The difference is widest in Setswana, followed by Moral Education and English.
Three regions, namely, South Central, North and Central, performed above the national average of 74 percent. South Central saw 0.1 percent of its candidates obtain Merit, 1.9 percent Grade A, 25.8 percent B, 50 percent C, while 22.3 percent got Grade D.
In the North Region, 0.2 percent got a Merit, 1.9 percent Grade A, 24.9 percent obtained Grade B, 51.9 percent Grade C and 21.1 percent Grade D. Central led with 0.3 percent Merit, 2.3 percent Grade A, 25.1 percent Grade B, 47.8 percent Grade C and 24.6 percent Grade D.
A total of 39,374 candidates sat for the 2011 JC examinations 37,290 of whom were school candidates, while 2,084 sat at private centres.
The number of school candidates who met the requirements of the 2011 exams increased by 357 from 36,933 in 2010 while the number of private candidates decreased by 407 from 2,491 in 2010. There were 19,211 male candidates and 20,163 female candidates.